Now-a-days internet connectivity is everything. For Internet we have Wi-Fi connections which we manage and use through the network settings on Windows 7/8.1 and Windows computers. You can also run, manage and delete your WiFi networks using the command prompt. In fact, the command prompt offers many more features than the standard network connection settings in Windows 10.
To do this we only require a CMD(Command Prompt) with Administrator privileges. Here are some best commands for your CMD to run, manage, connect to WiFi networks :
Before we dive into the guide. You’ll need to open the Command Prompt with administrator rights to perform most of the commands. To do this, use the Windows key + X keyboard shortcut, and select Command Prompt (Admin).
1# View various wireless network profiles saved on your PC
Command > Netsh WLAN show profiles
Every time you connect to a wireless access point, the operating system creates a “wireless network profile”, and it’s stored on your computer, you can view all these profiles using the following command line on the Command Prompt C:Netsh WLAN show profiles.
Alternatively, you can use the “interface” parameter to show the list of profiles for a particular wireless adapter:
Netsh WLAN show profiles interface=”your WiFi interface name”
2# View WiFi adapter driver information
Command > Netsh WLAN show drivers
When you need to get driver information about your computer’s wireless adapter, you can use the the above command. The result will show the exact drivers being used, the WiFi radios on your PC/laptop alongwith driver version number.
You can further use this command to check your WiFi capabilities. Type in the following command
C:Netsh WLAN show wirelesscapabilities
The results will show you exactly what your WiFi connection is capable of including WiFi Direct service capabilities.
3# View wireless adapter settings
Command > Netsh WLAN show interfaces
You can see the details of your WiFi interfaces using above command. The results will show you description of the interface, SSID, BSSID, Cipher, authentication type, channel, average receive and transmit rate and radio type.
If you have multiple WiFi connections saved on your PC, the “Show interfaces” command will display the information for all the wireless adapters on your computer. If you only need to see the information for one adapter, you can use the following command:
Netsh WLAN show interface name=”your wifi connection name”
4# Recover your WiFi password from any of the WiFi connection profiles saved on your PC
Command > Netsh WLAN show profile name=”your WiFi connection name” key=clear
If you lost and cannot remember your network security key to connect another device to a particular Wi-Fi access point, you can use the above command to view your WiFi password. You can also use this command to see the data limits if you have set them.
5# Connecting to a WiFi network using command prompt
Command > netsh wlan set hostednetwork mode=allow ssid=”your WiFi connection name” key=”your WiFi connection password”
You can use the above command to sign into your WiFi network. The above command is particularly useful if your WiFi settings in Windows 10 is not visible/cannot be connected due to some reasons. The additional commands are C:netsh wlan start hostednet and C:netsh wlan stop hostednetwork These two commands will start and stop your WiFi hotspot connection.
6# Stop your PC connecting automatically to a wireless network out of range
Command > Netsh WLAN set profileparameter name=”your WiFi connection name” connectionmode=manual
Normally, you would have configured your Windows 10 PC to connect to different WiFi networks automatically. While this is the best way to connect, sometimes notice that your laptop connects automatically to a WiFi connection that has zero or poor connectivity instead of a available full network WiFi connection. In such a case you can use the above command to prevent your computer from connecting to different networks automatically. If you want to move again to the automatic mode use the following command C:Netsh WLAN set profileparameter name=” your WiFi connection name” connectionmode=auto
7# Delete wireless network profile stored on your PC
Command > Netsh WLAN delete profile name=”the WiFi connection you want to delete”
When you no longer need to connect to a particular wireless network, the access point is no longer available, or you need to reset the network profile settings, you can also use Netsh WLAN to delete any profile stored on your computer using the above command. If you can’t remember the name of the network profile, you can use the C:Netsh WLAN show profiles command to list all the available profiles and select the one you want to delete.
8# Export and import wireless network profiles
Command > Netsh WLAN export profile key=clear folder=”the folder you want to save this report”
Sometimes you need to export and import wireless profiles. The above command exports all your wireless network profiles available on your PC. If you want to export a specific WiFi connection profile to a specific location, use this command > C:Netsh WLAN export profile name=”your WiFi connection name” key=clear folder=”the folder you want to save this report”
9# Generate a complete report of the wireless adapters on your PC/laptop
Command > Netsh WLAN show WLANreport
Trouble shooting WiFi connection problems is very difficult as Internet has lots of conflicting tutorials and troubleshooting guide. Also you should know the exact problem you are facing while connecting to WiFi. Using the above command will generate a full detailed WiFi networks report to the following location > C:ProgramDataMicrosoftWindowsWLANReport
You can use this report to troubleshoot the problems, ask help on tech forums. The WLAN reports contain a graph with details of the connectivity status, including information, such as when the connection started, when it got disconnected, errors, and more. The report also summarizes network adapters information configured on your system, session success/failures, disconnect reasons, and a lot more. It’s a very detailed report that can help you to ping point many Wi-Fi connectivity issues.